Corfu is one of the far northern and western islands of Greece situated in the Ionian sea. It has a long narrow shape, that is wider to the north of the island and narrow to the south. Kerkyra’s beaches cover a total distance of 217 kilometres creating many capes and coves. The land is mainly mountainous especially in the northern part. Foreigners call Kerkyra Corfu, which originates from the Byzantine term ‘Coryfo’ which means ‘peak’, as the two mountainous peaks are the first image one sees on approaching the island.
The town of Corfu is characterised by its intense Venetian influences, as well as French and English. It’s a cosmopolitan town with an air of nobility; its main attractions being the large ‘Spianada’ square, which is the largest in the Balkans, the Old and New Fortresses, The Town Hall (San Giacomo theatre), Kanoni (an area close to the airport), Mon Repo (the birthplace of Prince Philip the Duke of Edinburgh) and also the museums of Byzantine and Post Byzantine history.
The palaces of St.Michael and St.George, also known as the Old Palaces, house a plethora of museums and exhibitions. There is also the building of the Ionian Academy which was the first Greek University founded in 1824, the building of the Ionian parliament, the Town Hall which was erected originally in 1663 as the Stoa of Nobles (Loggia dei Nobili) which later housed the renowned theatre of San Giacomo. There are also the ruins of the Old town (the ancient town of Corfu) near the Kanoni peninsula and many more countless museums and monuments.
The old town of Corfu, full of lively colours and little alleys intertwined among tall medieval buildings, will make you feel as though you are in a different era. The unique cultural heritage of Corfu has left a legacy of beautiful monuments, which cannot be found elsewhere. Corfu gives its visitor a different feeling compared to other Greek islands, because of its unique architectural beauty.